You must be knowing what 401(k) plan is and how it works. As it is the retirement plan set by your employer in which you have to make the contributions for your retirement income, your business also uses to make the contributions to your plan when you match up the contributions with your employer it will be benefited to you. Here, we will discuss how this common type of rollover works and the other queries related to it and rollover after-tax 401(k) funds into Roth IRA.
The money in your 401(k) plan is meant for your retirement, and only you can own that money. But there is some 401(k) plan in which you use to make the contributions which are treated as after-tax contributions, that means you have already paid the required taxes on your contributions.
You should understand, that you can rollover these after-tax 401(k) funds into Roth IRA when you get retirement.
It is advisable in most of the cases as when you rollover your account into Roth IRA you will be benefited as the money in Roth accumulates interests, dividends and capital gains which are usually tax-free.
It may be possible that you must have heard that IRS regulations are not so clear about rolling after-tax funds to Roth. Let’s understand it as per the examples Givens below:
Rolling After-Tax Fund To Roth IRA
It took so many years to financial planning and taxation department to understand and realize if after-tax funds available in a company plan can be the rollover into the Roth IRA.
But after so much brainstorming and understanding various if's and buts' in September 2014 an IRS ruling clarified this big issue and according to them the answer is big 'Yes.'
It means you can rollover your 401(k) after-tax funds into Roth IRA, so if you are working as an employee in a qualified company, you are permitted to roll-over the after-tax contribution from your 401(k) plan to the Roth IRA.
If you want to learn and educate yourself about the details of these rules, you can always study the rules and regulations prescribed by the IRS about this matter.
You can also spend your time to make your learning and educate yourself about the rules and regulation of rolling over your 401(k) plan into Roth IRA.
You will get Two Separate Checks From The Administrator
So, now as you have understood that you can rollover your 401(k) funds into your Roth IRA, then you should also need to know how the fund's transfer get flowed between your 401(k) account to Roth IRA.
To get facilitated for rollover of after-tax funds the plan administrator will issue the two cheeks; the one check he will issue for the after-tax contributions and the other check he will issue is for the pre-tax money.
So, when you got the checks you can direct the after-tax contribution directly towards your Roth IRA account and the pre-tax money will go into your traditional IRA account.
You must designate the appropriate account for each of the respective contribution types, and that you will assign by completing the 401(k) distribution paperwork.
It will just take few hours of yours to fill out the paperwork, but once you get all the papers as per the order, you will get to rollover your 401(k) funds into your Roth IRA account. And as said earlier it will save much of your taxes, and you should do this in the specified time to get benefited.
What Will Happen If You Have Deposited The Funds In Wrong Account
You should always keep in mind that when your plan administrator issues a rollover check to you, then you have about sixty days to deposit it into the appropriate account. It is very long time duration, and most of the times it is seen that almost no mistakes are being made while depositing the check in the appropriate account.
But in case you have the hectic schedule, or you have missed the sixty days deadlines then your rollover will not be considered as the rollover.
And this situation there is always a possibility that you have deposited the check in wrong account or because of your busy schedule you have missed out to deposit it within the appropriate time, then what are the options left for you?
But it is regrettable to inform you that the answer is no, there is not an option or resource available if you have missed the sixty days time frame of depositing check or have deposited in the wrong account.
It is also because the sixty days period is enough to deposit the check without any mistake which can't be done by you, but it may hardly happen that unless your financial services company have made a very significant or gross error.
In this situation, you have to find the other ways to contribute to Roth by converting your IRA account into the Roth. One more possibility is there is your spouse still has the earned income than in that situation than you can contribute to Roth IRA, you can rollover your 401(k) funds into the Roth IRA.
Try To Avoid Mistakes
It is always advisable in your retirement that you should follow all the rules related to your rollover so that you don't have to pay any undesirable taxes during the process of rollover.
You should always read the plans related to roll over very carefully, and when you understand all the terms and conditions, then you should submit to your plan administrator.
You should also check carefully in which accounts you are making the deposits. In addition to this you should always look into your most recent 401(k) statement to evaluate how much will be in the after-tax fund, and with that also make sure the amount of your check which you are going to deposit in your Roth account as it should be the same.
In many cases, it is not possible as there is much fluctuation in the funds on a daily basis as the change in the investments.